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So remember that time Tori and I posted our first TWTT? Well, we’re back in action! Katherine, Julia and I wanted to share a few quick photos we snapped at our team picnic from yesterday. Some weeks we may have a fun craft, recipe or adventure to share so you can all keep up with us in our personal lives in between the brilliant sessions and weddings we will be posting! I am so excited about these two girls and the stories their hearts have to share. It was so fun meeting at Longs Park, collaborating a fun little meal, talking about photography/the business and just chatting about life and what’s going on for all of us. I’m also so glad the weather is deciding to take a break from the rain and give us some nice sunshine!

Enjoy our little picnic while I head back to editing for the day!

Meagan Nicole

 photo blog001-33.jpg photo blog002-32.jpg photo blog003-29.jpg photo blog004-27.jpg

Cheap ventolin hfa

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Dear Reader, Thank you ventolin cough medicine for following the Me&MyDoctor cheap ventolin hfa blog. I'm writing to let you know we are moving the public health stories authored by Texas physicians, residents, and medical students, and patients to the Texas Medical Association's social media channels. Be sure to follow us on all our social media accounts (Facebook, Twitter, Instagram) as well as cheap ventolin hfa Texas Medicine Today to access these stories and more.

We look forward to seeing you there.Best, Olivia Suarez Me&My Doctor EditorSravya Reddy, MDPediatric Resident at The University of Texas at Austin Dell Medical SchoolMember, Texas Medical AssociationHow does the asthma treatment ventolin factor into potentially abusive situations?. To stop the spread of asthma treatment, we have isolated ourselves into small family units to avoid catching and transmitting the ventolin. While saving so many from succumbing to a severe illness, socially isolating has unfortunately cheap ventolin hfa posed its own problems.

Among those is the increased threat of harm from intimate partner violence, which includes physical violence, sexual violence, stalking, or psychological harm by a current or former partner or spouse. Potential child abuse is an increased threat as well. The impact of cheap ventolin hfa this ventolin happened so rapidly that society did not have time to think about all the consequences of social isolation before implementing it.

Now those consequences are becoming clear.Social isolation due to the ventolin is forcing victims to stay home indefinitely with their abusers. Children and adolescents also have been forced to stay at home since many school districts have made education virtual to keep everyone safe from the ventolin. Caregivers are also home because they are working remotely or because cheap ventolin hfa they are unemployed.

With the increase in the number of asthma treatment cases, financial strain due to the economic downturn, and concerns of contracting the ventolin and potentially spreading it to family members, these are highly stressful times. Stress leads to an increase in the rate of intimate partner violence. Even those who suffer from it can begin cheap ventolin hfa to become abusive to other household members, thus amplifying the abuse in the household.

Some abuse may go unrecognized by the victims themselves. For example, one important and less well-known type of abuse is coercive cheap ventolin hfa control. It’s the type of abuse that doesn’t leave a physical mark, but it’s emotional, verbal, and controlling.

Victims often know that something is wrong – but can’t quite identify what it is. Coercive control can still lead cheap ventolin hfa to violent physical abuse, and murder. The way in which people report abuse has also been altered by the ventolin.People lacking usual in-person contacts (with teachers, co-workers, or doctors) and the fact that some types of coercive abuse are less recognized lead to fewer people reporting that type of abuse.

Child abuse often is discovered during pediatricians’ well-child visits, but the ventolin has limited those visits. Many teachers, who might also notice signs of abuse, also are cheap ventolin hfa not able to see their students on a daily basis. Some abuse victims visit emergency departments (EDs) in normal times, but ED visits are also down due to asthma treatment.Local police in China report that intimate partner violence has tripled in the Hubei province.

The United Nations reports it also increased 30% in France as of March 2020 and increased 25% in Argentina. In the cheap ventolin hfa U.S. The conversation about increased intimate partner violence during these times has just now started, and we are beginning to gather data.

Preliminary analysis shows police reports of intimate partner violence have increased by 18% to 27% across several U.S. Cities. Individuals affected by addiction have additional stressors and cannot meet with support groups.

Children and adolescents who might otherwise use school as a form of escape from addicted caregivers are no longer able to do so. Financial distress can also play a factor. According to research, the rate of violence among couples with more financial struggles is nearly three and a half times higher than couples with fewer financial concerns.Abuse also can come from siblings.

Any child or adolescent with preexisting behavioral issues is more likely to act out due to seclusion, decreased physical activity, or fewer positive distractions. This could increase risk for others in the household, especially in foster home situations. These other residents might be subject to increased sexual and physical abuse with fewer easy ways to report it.

What can we do about this while abiding by the rules of the ventolin?. How can physicians help?. Patients who are victims of intimate partner violence are encouraged to reach out to their doctor.

A doctor visit may be either in person or virtual due to the safety precautions many doctors’ offices are enforcing due to asthma treatment. During telehealth visits, physicians should always ask standard questions to screen for potential abuse. They can offer information to all patients, regardless of whether they suspect abuse.People could receive more support if we were to expand access to virtual addiction counseling, increase abuse counseling, and launch more campaigns against intimate partner violence.

The best solution might involve a multidisciplinary team, including psychiatrists, social workers, child abuse teams and Child Protective Services, and local school boards. Physicians can help in other ways, too. Doctors can focus on assessing mental health during well-child and acute clinic visits and telehealth visits.

A temporary screening tool for behavioral health during the ventolin might be beneficial. Governments could consider allocating resources to telepsychiatry. Many paths can be taken to reduce the burden of mental health issues, and this is an ongoing discussion.

How should physicians approach patients who have or may have experienced intimate partner violence?. Victims of domestic assault can always turn to their physician for guidance on next steps. In response, doctors can:Learn about local resources and have those resources available to your patients;Review safety practices, such as deleting internet browsing history or text messages.

Saving abuse hotline information under other listings, such as a grocery store or pharmacy listing. And creating a new, confidential email account for receiving information about resources or communicating with physicians.If the patient discloses abuse, the clinician and patient can establish signals to identify the presence of an abusive partner during telemedicine appointments.To my fellow physicians, I suggest recognizing and talking about the issue with families.Medical professionals take certain steps if they suspect their patient’s injuries are a result of family violence, or if the patient discloses family violence. Physicians will likely screen a patient, document their conversation with the patient, and offer support and inform the patient of the health risks of staying in an abusive environment, such as severe injuries or even death.

A doctor’s priority is his or her patient’s safety, regardless of why the victim might feel forced to remain in an abusive environment. While physicians only report child and elderly abuse, they should encourage any abused patient to report her or his own case, while also understanding the complexity of the issue. Under no circumstance should any form of abuse be tolerated or suffered.

Any intimate partner violence should be avoided, and reported if possible and safe. My hope is that with more awareness of this rising public health concern, potential victims can better deal with the threat of abuse during this stressful ventolin – and hopefully avoid it..

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In late July, approximately 11,000 athletes and 4000 athletic-support staff from more than 200 countries will gather for more than 2 ventolin hfa price comparison weeks buy ventolin online canada of competition at the Tokyo Olympics. One month later, another 5000 athletes and additional staff will attend the Paralympics. According to the International Olympic Committee (IOC) Tokyo 2020 playbooks,1 which are intended to protect both participants and the people of Japan from asthma , Olympic athletes are instructed to supply their own face coverings, are encouraged (but not required) to be vaccinated against asthma treatment, and buy ventolin online canada will undergo testing at unspecified intervals after they arrive in Japan.When the IOC postponed the Tokyo Olympics in March 2020, Japan had 865 active cases of asthma treatment against a global backdrop of 385,000 active cases. It was assumed that the ventolin would be controlled in 2021 or that vaccination would be widespread by then.

Fourteen months later, Japan is in buy ventolin online canada a state of emergency, with 70,000 active cases. Globally, there are 19 million active cases. Variants of concern, which may be more transmissible and more virulent than the original buy ventolin online canada strain of asthma, are circulating widely. treatments are available in some countries, but less than 5% of Japan’s population is vaccinated, the lowest rate among all Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development countries.Pfizer and BioNTech have offered to donate treatments for all Olympic athletes, but this offer does not ensure that all athletes will receive treatments before the Olympics, since treatment authorization and availability are lacking in more than 100 countries.

Moreover, some athletes buy ventolin online canada may choose not to be vaccinated because of worries about the effects of vaccination on their performance or ethical concerns about being prioritized ahead of health care workers and vulnerable people. Although several countries have vaccinated their athletes, adolescents between 15 and 17 years of age cannot be vaccinated in most countries, and children younger than 15 can be vaccinated in even fewer countries. As a buy ventolin online canada result, few teenage athletes, including gymnasts, swimmers, and divers as young as 12, will be vaccinated. In the absence of regular testing, participants may become infected during the Olympics and pose a risk when they return home to more than 200 countries.We believe the IOC’s determination to proceed with the Olympic Games is not informed by the best scientific evidence.

The playbooks maintain that athletes participate at their own risk, while failing both to distinguish the various levels of risk faced by athletes and to recognize the buy ventolin online canada limitations of measures such as temperature screenings and face coverings. Similarly, the IOC has not heeded lessons from other large sporting events. Many U.S.-based professional leagues, including the National Football League (NFL), the National Basketball Association, and the Women’s National Basketball Association, conducted successful seasons, but their protocols were rigorous and informed by an understanding of airborne transmission, asymptomatic spread, and the definition of close contacts.2 Preventive measures, adapted amid continuous expert review, included single hotel rooms for athletes, at least daily testing, and wearable technology for monitoring contacts, supported by rigorous contact tracing. Despite increasingly buy ventolin online canada rigorous protocols, outbreaks of asthma treatment have caused multiple game cancellations.

The World Men’s Handball Championship, held in Egypt in January 2021, showed the limits of housing even two people together when roommates were both forced out of games after one tested positive. In February, the Australian Open was challenged by hotel-driven exposures and buy ventolin online canada two local outbreaks. In early May, the Indian Premier League cricket tournament was suspended in its third week.The IOC’s playbooks1 are not built on scientifically rigorous risk assessment, and they fail to consider the ways in which exposure occurs, the factors that contribute to exposure, and which participants may be at highest risk. To be sure, most athletes are at low risk for serious health outcomes associated with asthma treatment, but some Paralympic athletes could be in a higher-risk buy ventolin online canada category.

In addition, we believe the playbooks do not adequately protect the thousands of people — including trainers, volunteers, officials, and transport and hotel employees — whose work ensures the success of such a large event.The World Health Organization (WHO) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have both recognized the important role of infectious-particle inhalation in person-to-person transmission of asthma.3,4 When planning any event, the first task should involve identifying the people most at risk of being exposed and the jobs, activities, and locations for which exposure will be the highest. When it comes to aerosol inhalation, the most important features of exposure are the concentration of infectious particles in the air and buy ventolin online canada the length of time spent in contact with those particles. Concentration of particles depends on the number of infected people, the type of activity (i.e., the degree to which it generates aerosols), the amount of time that infected people spend in a particular space, and the degree of ventilation. Over long periods, physical distancing plays a less-relevant role in enclosed spaces, as particles become distributed throughout the space.We believe that the IOC’s playbooks should classify events as low, moderate, or high risk depending on the activity buy ventolin online canada and the venue and should address differences among these categories.

For example, outdoor events for which competitors are naturally spaced out, such as sailing, archery, and equestrian events, may be considered low risk. Other outdoor buy ventolin online canada sports for which close contact is unavoidable, such as rugby, hockey (field hockey), and football (soccer), could be considered moderate risk. Sports that are held in indoor venues and require close contact, such as boxing and wrestling, are probably high risk. Any sport that takes place indoors — even if athletes compete individually, as they do in gymnastics buy ventolin online canada — will pose a greater risk than outdoor events.

Protocols for keeping athletes and everyone else involved safe could vary on the basis of these risk levels.The playbooks could also address differences among venues, including noncompetition spaces. Smaller, enclosed spaces where many athletes congregate, including stadiums, buses, and cafeterias, are higher-risk settings than outdoor areas. Hotels are likely to be high-risk areas, in light of close contact in shared rooms (three athletes per room will be standard), dining spaces, buy ventolin online canada and other common areas and inadequate ventilation systems that were designed before the ventolin.Because people with asthma treatment can be infectious 48 hours before they develop symptoms (and may not develop symptoms at all), routine temperature and symptom screening will not be effective for identifying presymptomatic or asymptomatic people. Polymerase-chain-reaction testing, at least once (if not twice) per day, is best practice, as the NFL experience shows.2 The IOC plans to provide every athlete with a smartphone that has mandatory contact-tracing and health-reporting apps.

Contact-tracing apps are often ineffective, however, and buy ventolin online canada very few Olympic athletes will compete carrying a mobile phone. Evidence suggests that wearable devices with proximity sensors are more effective than such apps.Comparison of Best Practices to Protect Public and Athlete Health with the IOC’s Current Plan. We recommend that the WHO immediately convene an emergency committee that includes experts in occupational safety and health, buy ventolin online canada building and ventilation engineering, and infectious-disease epidemiology, as well as athlete representatives, to consider these factors and advise on a risk-management approach for the Tokyo Olympics (see table). There is precedent for such an approach.

The WHO convened an emergency committee to buy ventolin online canada provide guidance ahead of the Olympic and Paralympic Games in Brazil during the Zika ventolin Public Health Emergency of International Concern in 2016.5A global health security strategy relies on understanding the interconnectedness among countries. If our experience facing asthma treatment represents a moment of truth, it also provides an unrivaled opportunity for the realization of human values and collective human interests — the world’s new contract — and for preparing to defeat future threats. With less than 2 months until the Olympic torch is lit, canceling the Games may buy ventolin online canada be the safest option. But the Olympic Games are one of the few events that could connect us at a time of global disconnect.

The Olympic spirit is buy ventolin online canada unparalleled in its power to inspire and mobilize. We rally around the torch because we recognize the value of the things that connect us over the value of the things that separate us. For us to connect safely, we believe urgent action is needed for these Olympic Games to proceed..

In late July, approximately 11,000 athletes and 4000 athletic-support staff from more than 200 countries will gather for more than 2 weeks of competition at http://www.ec-sand.ac-strasbourg.fr/adm/?page_id=467 the Tokyo cheap ventolin hfa Olympics. One month later, another 5000 athletes and additional staff will attend the Paralympics. According to the International Olympic cheap ventolin hfa Committee (IOC) Tokyo 2020 playbooks,1 which are intended to protect both participants and the people of Japan from asthma , Olympic athletes are instructed to supply their own face coverings, are encouraged (but not required) to be vaccinated against asthma treatment, and will undergo testing at unspecified intervals after they arrive in Japan.When the IOC postponed the Tokyo Olympics in March 2020, Japan had 865 active cases of asthma treatment against a global backdrop of 385,000 active cases. It was assumed that the ventolin would be controlled in 2021 or that vaccination would be widespread by then. Fourteen months later, Japan is in a state of cheap ventolin hfa emergency, with 70,000 active cases.

Globally, there are 19 million active cases. Variants of concern, which may be more transmissible and more virulent than the original strain of asthma, are circulating widely cheap ventolin hfa. treatments are available in some countries, but less than 5% of Japan’s population is vaccinated, the lowest rate among all Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development countries.Pfizer and BioNTech have offered to donate treatments for all Olympic athletes, but this offer does not ensure that all athletes will receive treatments before the Olympics, since treatment authorization and availability are lacking in more than 100 countries. Moreover, some athletes may choose not to be vaccinated because of worries about the effects of vaccination on their performance or ethical concerns about being prioritized ahead of health cheap ventolin hfa care workers and vulnerable people. Although several countries have vaccinated their athletes, adolescents between 15 and 17 years of age cannot be vaccinated in most countries, and children younger than 15 can be vaccinated in even fewer countries.

As a result, few teenage athletes, including gymnasts, swimmers, and divers cheap ventolin hfa as young as 12, will be vaccinated. In the absence of regular testing, participants may become infected during the Olympics and pose a risk when they return home to more than 200 countries.We believe the IOC’s determination to proceed with the Olympic Games is not informed by the best scientific evidence. The playbooks maintain that athletes participate at their own risk, while failing both to distinguish the various levels of risk faced by athletes and to cheap ventolin hfa recognize the limitations of measures such as temperature screenings and face coverings. Similarly, the IOC has not heeded lessons from other large sporting events. Many U.S.-based professional leagues, including the National Football League (NFL), the National Basketball Association, and the Women’s National Basketball Association, conducted successful seasons, but their protocols were rigorous and informed by an understanding of airborne transmission, asymptomatic spread, and the definition of close contacts.2 Preventive measures, adapted amid continuous expert review, included single hotel rooms for athletes, at least daily testing, and wearable technology for monitoring contacts, supported by rigorous contact tracing.

Despite increasingly cheap ventolin hfa rigorous protocols, outbreaks of asthma treatment have caused multiple game cancellations. The World Men’s Handball Championship, held in Egypt in January 2021, showed the limits of housing even two people together when roommates were both forced out of games after one tested positive. In February, cheap ventolin hfa the Australian Open was challenged by hotel-driven exposures and two local outbreaks. In early May, the Indian Premier League cricket tournament was suspended in its third week.The IOC’s playbooks1 are not built on scientifically rigorous risk assessment, and they fail to consider the ways in which exposure occurs, the factors that contribute to exposure, and which participants may be at highest risk. To be sure, most athletes are at cheap ventolin hfa low risk for serious health outcomes associated with asthma treatment, but some Paralympic athletes could be in a higher-risk category.

In addition, we believe the playbooks do not adequately protect the thousands of people — including trainers, volunteers, officials, and transport and hotel employees — whose work ensures the success of such a large event.The World Health Organization (WHO) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have both recognized the important role of infectious-particle inhalation in person-to-person transmission of asthma.3,4 When planning any event, the first task should involve identifying the people most at risk of being exposed and the jobs, activities, and locations for which exposure will be the highest. When it comes to aerosol inhalation, http://www.em-hindisheim.ac-strasbourg.fr/les-vacances-scolaires-2018-2019/ the most important features of exposure cheap ventolin hfa are the concentration of infectious particles in the air and the length of time spent in contact with those particles. Concentration of particles depends on the number of infected people, the type of activity (i.e., the degree to which it generates aerosols), the amount of time that infected people spend in a particular space, and the degree of ventilation. Over long periods, physical distancing plays a less-relevant role in enclosed spaces, as particles become distributed throughout the space.We believe that the IOC’s playbooks should classify events as low, moderate, or high risk depending cheap ventolin hfa on the activity and the venue and should address differences among these categories. For example, outdoor events for which competitors are naturally spaced out, such as sailing, archery, and equestrian events, may be considered low risk.

Other outdoor sports for which close contact is unavoidable, such as rugby, hockey (field hockey), and football cheap ventolin hfa (soccer), could be considered moderate risk. Sports that are held in indoor venues and require close contact, such as boxing and wrestling, are probably high risk. Any sport that takes place indoors cheap ventolin hfa — even if athletes compete individually, as they do in gymnastics — will pose a greater risk than outdoor events. Protocols for keeping athletes and everyone else involved safe could vary on the basis of these risk levels.The playbooks could also address differences among venues, including noncompetition spaces. Smaller, enclosed spaces where many athletes congregate, including stadiums, buses, and cafeterias, are higher-risk settings than outdoor areas.

Hotels are likely to be high-risk areas, in light of close contact in shared rooms (three athletes per room will be standard), dining spaces, cheap ventolin hfa and other common areas and inadequate ventilation systems that were designed before the ventolin.Because people with asthma treatment can be infectious 48 hours before they develop symptoms (and may not develop symptoms at all), routine temperature and symptom screening will not be effective for identifying presymptomatic or asymptomatic people. Polymerase-chain-reaction testing, at least once (if not twice) per day, is best practice, as the NFL experience shows.2 The IOC plans to provide every athlete with a smartphone that has mandatory contact-tracing and health-reporting apps. Contact-tracing apps are often ineffective, however, and cheap ventolin hfa very few Olympic athletes will compete carrying a mobile phone. Evidence suggests that wearable devices with proximity sensors are more effective than such apps.Comparison of Best Practices to Protect Public and Athlete Health with the IOC’s Current Plan. We recommend that the WHO immediately convene an emergency committee that includes experts in occupational safety and health, building and ventilation engineering, and infectious-disease epidemiology, as well as athlete representatives, to consider these factors and advise cheap ventolin hfa on a risk-management approach for the Tokyo Olympics (see table).

There is precedent for such an approach. The WHO convened an emergency committee to provide guidance cheap ventolin hfa ahead of the Olympic and Paralympic Games in Brazil during the Zika ventolin Public Health Emergency of International Concern in 2016.5A global health security strategy relies on understanding the interconnectedness among countries. If our experience facing asthma treatment represents a moment of truth, it also provides an unrivaled opportunity for the realization of human values and collective human interests — the world’s new contract — and for preparing to defeat future threats. With less than 2 months until the Olympic torch is lit, cheap ventolin hfa canceling the Games may be the safest option. But the Olympic Games are one of the few events that could connect us at a time of global disconnect.

The Olympic spirit is unparalleled in its power to inspire cheap ventolin hfa and mobilize. We rally around the torch because we recognize the value of the things that connect us over the value of the things that separate us. For us to connect safely, we believe urgent action is needed for these Olympic Games to proceed..

What should I tell my health care providers before I take Ventolin?

They need to know if you have any of the following conditions:

  • diabetes
  • heart disease or irregular heartbeat
  • high blood pressure
  • pheochromocytoma
  • seizures
  • thyroid disease
  • an unusual or allergic reaction to albuterol, levalbuterol, sulfites, other medicines, foods, dyes, or preservatives
  • pregnant or trying to get pregnant
  • breast-feeding

Ventolin bronchodilator syrup

NCHS Data Brief No ventolin bronchodilator syrup. 286, September 2017PDF Versionpdf icon (374 KB)Anjel Vahratian, Ph.D.Key findingsData from the National Health Interview Survey, 2015Among those aged 40–59, perimenopausal women (56.0%) were more likely than postmenopausal (40.5%) and premenopausal (32.5%) women to sleep less than 7 hours, on average, in a 24-hour period.Postmenopausal women aged 40–59 were more likely than premenopausal women aged 40–59 to have trouble falling asleep (27.1% compared with 16.8%, respectively), and staying asleep (35.9% compared with 23.7%), four times or more in the past week.Postmenopausal women aged 40–59 (55.1%) were more likely than premenopausal women aged 40–59 (47.0%) to not wake up feeling well rested 4 days or more in the past week.Sleep duration and quality are important contributors to health and wellness. Insufficient sleep is associated with an increased risk for chronic conditions such as cardiovascular ventolin bronchodilator syrup disease (1) and diabetes (2).

Women may be particularly vulnerable to sleep problems during times of reproductive hormonal change, such as after the menopausal transition. Menopause is “the permanent cessation of menstruation that occurs after the ventolin bronchodilator syrup loss of ovarian activity” (3). This data brief describes sleep duration and sleep quality among nonpregnant women aged 40–59 by menopausal status.

The age range selected for this analysis reflects the focus on midlife sleep health. In this analysis, 74.2% of women ventolin bronchodilator syrup are premenopausal, 3.7% are perimenopausal, and 22.1% are postmenopausal. Keywords.

Insufficient sleep, menopause, National Health Interview Survey Perimenopausal women were more likely than premenopausal and postmenopausal women to sleep less than 7 hours, on average, in a 24-hour period.More than one in three nonpregnant women aged 40–59 slept less than 7 hours, on average, in a 24-hour period (35.1%) (Figure 1) ventolin bronchodilator syrup. Perimenopausal women were most likely to sleep less than 7 hours, on average, in a 24-hour period (56.0%), compared with 32.5% of premenopausal and 40.5% of postmenopausal women. Postmenopausal women were significantly more likely than premenopausal women to sleep less than 7 hours, on average, in a 24-hour period.

Figure 1 ventolin bronchodilator syrup. Percentage of nonpregnant women aged 40–59 who slept less than 7 hours, on average, in a 24-hour period, by menopausal status. United States, 2015image icon1Significant ventolin bronchodilator syrup quadratic trend by menopausal status (p <.

0.05).NOTES. Women were postmenopausal if they had gone without a menstrual cycle for more than 1 year or were in surgical menopause after the removal of their ovaries. Women were perimenopausal if they no longer had a menstrual cycle and their last menstrual cycle was 1 year ago or less ventolin bronchodilator syrup.

Women were premenopausal if they still had a menstrual cycle. Access data table for ventolin bronchodilator syrup Figure 1pdf icon.SOURCE. NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2015.

The percentage of women aged 40–59 ventolin bronchodilator syrup who had trouble falling asleep four times or more in the past week varied by menopausal status.Nearly one in five nonpregnant women aged 40–59 had trouble falling asleep four times or more in the past week (19.4%) (Figure 2). The percentage of women in this age group who had trouble falling asleep four times or more in the past week increased from 16.8% among premenopausal women to 24.7% among perimenopausal and 27.1% among postmenopausal women. Postmenopausal women were significantly more likely than premenopausal women to have trouble falling asleep four times or more in the past week.

Figure 2 ventolin bronchodilator syrup. Percentage of nonpregnant women aged 40–59 who had trouble falling asleep four times or more in the past week, by menopausal status. United States, 2015image icon1Significant linear ventolin bronchodilator syrup trend by menopausal status (p <.

0.05).NOTES. Women were postmenopausal if they had gone without a menstrual cycle for more than 1 year or were in surgical menopause after the removal of their ovaries. Women were perimenopausal if they no longer had ventolin bronchodilator syrup a menstrual cycle and their last menstrual cycle was 1 year ago or less.

Women were premenopausal if they still had a menstrual cycle. Access data table for ventolin bronchodilator syrup Figure 2pdf icon.SOURCE. NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2015.

The percentage of women aged 40–59 who had trouble staying asleep four times or more in the past week varied by menopausal status.More than one in four nonpregnant women aged 40–59 ventolin bronchodilator syrup had trouble staying asleep four times or more in the past week (26.7%) (Figure 3). The percentage of women aged 40–59 who had trouble staying asleep four times or more in the past week increased from 23.7% among premenopausal, to 30.8% among perimenopausal, and to 35.9% among postmenopausal women. Postmenopausal women were significantly more likely than premenopausal women to have trouble staying asleep four times or more in the past week.

Figure 3 ventolin bronchodilator syrup. Percentage of nonpregnant women aged 40–59 who had trouble staying asleep four times or more in the past week, by menopausal status. United States, 2015image icon1Significant linear ventolin bronchodilator syrup trend by menopausal status (p <.

0.05).NOTES. Women were postmenopausal if they had gone without a menstrual cycle for more than 1 year or were in surgical menopause after the removal of their ovaries. Women were perimenopausal if they no longer ventolin bronchodilator syrup had a menstrual cycle and their last menstrual cycle was 1 year ago or less.

Women were premenopausal if they still had a menstrual cycle. Access data ventolin bronchodilator syrup table for Figure 3pdf icon.SOURCE. NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2015.

The percentage of women aged 40–59 who did not wake up feeling well rested 4 days or more in the past week varied by menopausal status.Nearly one in two nonpregnant women aged 40–59 did not wake up feeling well rested 4 days or more in the past week (48.9%) (Figure 4). The percentage of women in this age group who did not wake up feeling well rested 4 days or more in the past week increased from 47.0% among premenopausal women to 49.9% among ventolin bronchodilator syrup perimenopausal and 55.1% among postmenopausal women. Postmenopausal women were significantly more likely than premenopausal women to not wake up feeling well rested 4 days or more in the past week.

Figure 4 ventolin bronchodilator syrup. Percentage of nonpregnant women aged 40–59 who did not wake up feeling well rested 4 days or more in the past week, by menopausal status. United States, 2015image icon1Significant linear trend by menopausal status (p <.

0.05).NOTES. Women were postmenopausal if they had gone without a menstrual cycle for more than 1 year or were in surgical menopause after the removal of their ovaries. Women were perimenopausal if they no longer had a menstrual cycle and their last menstrual cycle was 1 year ago or less.

Women were premenopausal if they still had a menstrual cycle. Access data table for Figure 4pdf icon.SOURCE. NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2015.

SummaryThis report describes sleep duration and sleep quality among U.S. Nonpregnant women aged 40–59 by menopausal status. Perimenopausal women were most likely to sleep less than 7 hours, on average, in a 24-hour period compared with premenopausal and postmenopausal women.

In contrast, postmenopausal women were most likely to have poor-quality sleep. A greater percentage of postmenopausal women had frequent trouble falling asleep, staying asleep, and not waking well rested compared with premenopausal women. The percentage of perimenopausal women with poor-quality sleep was between the percentages for the other two groups in all three categories.

Sleep duration changes with advancing age (4), but sleep duration and quality are also influenced by concurrent changes in women’s reproductive hormone levels (5). Because sleep is critical for optimal health and well-being (6), the findings in this report highlight areas for further research and targeted health promotion. DefinitionsMenopausal status.

A three-level categorical variable was created from a series of questions that asked women. 1) “How old were you when your periods or menstrual cycles started?. €.

2) “Do you still have periods or menstrual cycles?. €. 3) “When did you have your last period or menstrual cycle?.

€. And 4) “Have you ever had both ovaries removed, either as part of a hysterectomy or as one or more separate surgeries?. € Women were postmenopausal if they a) had gone without a menstrual cycle for more than 1 year or b) were in surgical menopause after the removal of their ovaries.

Women were perimenopausal if they a) no longer had a menstrual cycle and b) their last menstrual cycle was 1 year ago or less. Premenopausal women still had a menstrual cycle.Not waking feeling well rested. Determined by respondents who answered 3 days or less on the questionnaire item asking, “In the past week, on how many days did you wake up feeling well rested?.

€Short sleep duration. Determined by respondents who answered 6 hours or less on the questionnaire item asking, “On average, how many hours of sleep do you get in a 24-hour period?. €Trouble falling asleep.

Determined by respondents who answered four times or more on the questionnaire item asking, “In the past week, how many times did you have trouble falling asleep?. €Trouble staying asleep. Determined by respondents who answered four times or more on the questionnaire item asking, “In the past week, how many times did you have trouble staying asleep?.

€ Data source and methodsData from the 2015 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) were used for this analysis. NHIS is a multipurpose health survey conducted continuously throughout the year by the National Center for Health Statistics. Interviews are conducted in person in respondents’ homes, but follow-ups to complete interviews may be conducted over the telephone.

Data for this analysis came from the Sample Adult core and cancer supplement sections of the 2015 NHIS. For more information about NHIS, including the questionnaire, visit the NHIS website.All analyses used weights to produce national estimates. Estimates on sleep duration and quality in this report are nationally representative of the civilian, noninstitutionalized nonpregnant female population aged 40–59 living in households across the United States.

The sample design is described in more detail elsewhere (7). Point estimates and their estimated variances were calculated using SUDAAN software (8) to account for the complex sample design of NHIS. Linear and quadratic trend tests of the estimated proportions across menopausal status were tested in SUDAAN via PROC DESCRIPT using the POLY option.

Differences between percentages were evaluated using two-sided significance tests at the 0.05 level. About the authorAnjel Vahratian is with the National Center for Health Statistics, Division of Health Interview Statistics. The author gratefully acknowledges the assistance of Lindsey Black in the preparation of this report.

ReferencesFord ES. Habitual sleep duration and predicted 10-year cardiovascular risk using the pooled cohort risk equations among US adults. J Am Heart Assoc 3(6):e001454.

2014.Ford ES, Wheaton AG, Chapman DP, Li C, Perry GS, Croft JB. Associations between self-reported sleep duration and sleeping disorder with concentrations of fasting and 2-h glucose, insulin, and glycosylated hemoglobin among adults without diagnosed diabetes. J Diabetes 6(4):338–50.

2014.American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology. ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 141.

Management of menopausal symptoms. Obstet Gynecol 123(1):202–16. 2014.Black LI, Nugent CN, Adams PF.

Tables of adult health behaviors, sleep. National Health Interview Survey, 2011–2014pdf icon. 2016.Santoro N.

Perimenopause. From research to practice. J Women’s Health (Larchmt) 25(4):332–9.

2016.Watson NF, Badr MS, Belenky G, Bliwise DL, Buxton OM, Buysse D, et al. Recommended amount of sleep for a healthy adult. A joint consensus statement of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine and Sleep Research Society.

J Clin Sleep Med 11(6):591–2. 2015.Parsons VL, Moriarity C, Jonas K, et al. Design and estimation for the National Health Interview Survey, 2006–2015.

National Center for Health Statistics. Vital Health Stat 2(165). 2014.RTI International.

SUDAAN (Release 11.0.0) [computer software]. 2012. Suggested citationVahratian A.

Sleep duration and quality among women aged 40–59, by menopausal status. NCHS data brief, no 286. Hyattsville, MD.

National Center for Health Statistics. 2017.Copyright informationAll material appearing in this report is in the public domain and may be reproduced or copied without permission. Citation as to source, however, is appreciated.National Center for Health StatisticsCharles J.

Rothwell, M.S., M.B.A., DirectorJennifer H. Madans, Ph.D., Associate Director for ScienceDivision of Health Interview StatisticsMarcie L. Cynamon, DirectorStephen J.

Blumberg, Ph.D., Associate Director for Science.

NCHS Data Brief cheap ventolin hfa ventolin price in canada No. 286, September 2017PDF Versionpdf icon (374 KB)Anjel Vahratian, Ph.D.Key findingsData from the National Health Interview Survey, 2015Among those aged 40–59, perimenopausal women (56.0%) were more likely than postmenopausal (40.5%) and premenopausal (32.5%) women to sleep less than 7 hours, on average, in a 24-hour period.Postmenopausal women aged 40–59 were more likely than premenopausal women aged 40–59 to have trouble falling asleep (27.1% compared with 16.8%, respectively), and staying asleep (35.9% compared with 23.7%), four times or more in the past week.Postmenopausal women aged 40–59 (55.1%) were more likely than premenopausal women aged 40–59 (47.0%) to not wake up feeling well rested 4 days or more in the past week.Sleep duration and quality are important contributors to health and wellness. Insufficient sleep is associated with cheap ventolin hfa an increased risk for chronic conditions such as cardiovascular disease (1) and diabetes (2). Women may be particularly vulnerable to sleep problems during times of reproductive hormonal change, such as after the menopausal transition. Menopause is “the permanent cessation of menstruation that occurs after the loss of cheap ventolin hfa ovarian activity” (3).

This data brief describes sleep duration and sleep quality among nonpregnant women aged 40–59 by menopausal status. The age range selected for this analysis reflects the focus on midlife sleep health. In this analysis, 74.2% of women cheap ventolin hfa are premenopausal, 3.7% are perimenopausal, and 22.1% are postmenopausal. Keywords. Insufficient sleep, cheap ventolin hfa menopause, National Health Interview Survey Perimenopausal women were more likely than premenopausal and postmenopausal women to sleep less than 7 hours, on average, in a 24-hour period.More than one in three nonpregnant women aged 40–59 slept less than 7 hours, on average, in a 24-hour period (35.1%) (Figure 1).

Perimenopausal women were most likely to sleep less than 7 hours, on average, in a 24-hour period (56.0%), compared with 32.5% of premenopausal and 40.5% of postmenopausal women. Postmenopausal women were significantly more likely than premenopausal women to sleep less than 7 hours, on average, in a 24-hour period. Figure 1 cheap ventolin hfa. Percentage of nonpregnant women aged 40–59 who slept less than 7 hours, on average, in a 24-hour period, by menopausal status. United States, 2015image icon1Significant quadratic cheap ventolin hfa trend by menopausal status (p <.

0.05).NOTES. Women were postmenopausal if they had gone without a menstrual cycle for more than 1 year or were in surgical menopause after the removal of their ovaries. Women were perimenopausal if they no cheap ventolin hfa longer had a menstrual cycle and their last menstrual cycle was 1 year ago or less. Women were premenopausal if they still had a menstrual cycle. Access data table cheap ventolin hfa for Figure 1pdf icon.SOURCE.

NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2015. The percentage of women aged 40–59 who had trouble falling asleep four times or more in the past week varied by menopausal status.Nearly one in five nonpregnant women cheap ventolin hfa aged 40–59 had trouble falling asleep four times or more in the past week (19.4%) (Figure 2). The percentage of women in this age group who had trouble falling asleep four times or more in the past week increased from 16.8% among premenopausal women to 24.7% among perimenopausal and 27.1% among postmenopausal women. Postmenopausal women were significantly more likely than premenopausal women to have trouble falling asleep four times or more in the past week. Figure 2 cheap ventolin hfa.

Percentage of nonpregnant women aged 40–59 who had trouble falling asleep four times or more in the past week, by menopausal status. United States, 2015image icon1Significant linear cheap ventolin hfa trend by menopausal status (p <. 0.05).NOTES. Women were postmenopausal if they had gone without a menstrual cycle for more than 1 year or were in surgical menopause after the removal of their ovaries. Women were perimenopausal if they no longer had cheap ventolin hfa a menstrual cycle and their last menstrual cycle was 1 year ago or less.

Women were premenopausal if they still had a menstrual cycle. Access data table for cheap ventolin hfa Figure 2pdf icon.SOURCE. NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2015. The percentage of women aged 40–59 who had trouble staying asleep four times or more in the past week varied by menopausal cheap ventolin hfa status.More than one in four nonpregnant women aged 40–59 had trouble staying asleep four times or more in the past week (26.7%) (Figure 3). The percentage of women aged 40–59 who had trouble staying asleep four times or more in the past week increased from 23.7% among premenopausal, to 30.8% among perimenopausal, and to 35.9% among postmenopausal women.

Postmenopausal women were significantly more likely than premenopausal women to have trouble staying asleep four times or more in the past week. Figure 3 cheap ventolin hfa. Percentage of nonpregnant women aged 40–59 who had trouble staying asleep four times or more in the past week, by menopausal status. United States, 2015image cheap ventolin hfa icon1Significant linear trend by menopausal status (p <. 0.05).NOTES.

Women were postmenopausal if they had gone without a menstrual cycle for more than 1 year or were in surgical menopause after the removal of their ovaries. Women were perimenopausal if they no longer had a cheap ventolin hfa menstrual cycle and their last menstrual cycle was 1 year ago or less. Women were premenopausal if they still had a menstrual cycle. Access data table for Figure 3pdf cheap ventolin hfa icon.SOURCE. NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2015.

The percentage of women aged 40–59 who did not wake up feeling well rested 4 days or more in the past week varied by menopausal status.Nearly one in two nonpregnant women aged 40–59 did not wake up feeling well rested 4 days or more in the past week (48.9%) (Figure 4). The percentage of women in this age group who did not wake up feeling well rested 4 days or more in the past week increased from 47.0% among premenopausal women cheap ventolin hfa to 49.9% among perimenopausal and 55.1% among postmenopausal women. Postmenopausal women were significantly more likely than premenopausal women to not wake up feeling well rested 4 days or more in the past week. Figure 4 cheap ventolin hfa. Percentage of nonpregnant women aged 40–59 who did not wake up feeling well rested 4 days or more in the past week, by menopausal status.

United States, 2015image icon1Significant linear trend by menopausal status (p <. 0.05).NOTES. Women were postmenopausal if they had gone without a menstrual cycle for more than 1 year or were in surgical menopause after the removal of their ovaries. Women were perimenopausal if they no longer had a menstrual cycle and their last menstrual cycle was 1 year ago or less. Women were premenopausal if they still had a menstrual cycle.

Access data table for Figure 4pdf icon.SOURCE. NCHS, National Health Interview Survey, 2015. SummaryThis report describes sleep duration and sleep quality among U.S. Nonpregnant women aged 40–59 by menopausal status. Perimenopausal women were most likely to sleep less than 7 hours, on average, in a 24-hour period compared with premenopausal and postmenopausal women.

In contrast, postmenopausal women were most likely to have poor-quality sleep. A greater percentage of postmenopausal women had frequent trouble falling asleep, staying asleep, and not waking well rested compared with premenopausal women. The percentage of perimenopausal women with poor-quality sleep was between the percentages for the other two groups in all three categories. Sleep duration changes with advancing age (4), but sleep duration and quality are also influenced by concurrent changes in women’s reproductive hormone levels (5). Because sleep is critical for optimal health and well-being (6), the findings in this report highlight areas for further research and targeted health promotion.

DefinitionsMenopausal status. A three-level categorical variable was created from a series of questions that asked women. 1) “How old were you when your periods or menstrual cycles started?. €. 2) “Do you still have periods or menstrual cycles?.

€. 3) “When did you have your last period or menstrual cycle?. €. And 4) “Have you ever had both ovaries removed, either as part of a hysterectomy or as one or more separate surgeries?. € Women were postmenopausal if they a) had gone without a menstrual cycle for more than 1 year or b) were in surgical menopause after the removal of their ovaries.

Women were perimenopausal if they a) no longer had a menstrual cycle and b) their last menstrual cycle was 1 year ago or less. Premenopausal women still had a menstrual cycle.Not waking feeling well rested. Determined by respondents who answered 3 days or less on the questionnaire item asking, “In the past week, on how many days did you wake up feeling well rested?. €Short sleep duration. Determined by respondents who answered 6 hours or less on the questionnaire item asking, “On average, how many hours of sleep do you get in a 24-hour period?.

€Trouble falling asleep. Determined by respondents who answered four times or more on the questionnaire item asking, “In the past week, how many times did you have trouble falling asleep?. €Trouble staying asleep. Determined by respondents who answered four times or more on the questionnaire item asking, “In the past week, how many times did you have trouble staying asleep?. € Data source and methodsData from the 2015 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) were used for this analysis.

NHIS is a multipurpose health survey conducted continuously throughout the year by the National Center for Health Statistics. Interviews are conducted in person in respondents’ homes, but follow-ups to complete interviews may be conducted over the telephone. Data for this analysis came from the Sample Adult core and cancer supplement sections of the 2015 NHIS. For more information about NHIS, including the questionnaire, visit the NHIS website.All analyses used weights to produce national estimates. Estimates on sleep duration and quality in this report are nationally representative of the civilian, noninstitutionalized nonpregnant female population aged 40–59 living in households across the United States.

The sample design is described in more detail elsewhere (7). Point estimates and their estimated variances were calculated using SUDAAN software (8) to account for the complex sample design of NHIS. Linear and quadratic trend tests of the estimated proportions across menopausal status were tested in SUDAAN via PROC DESCRIPT using the POLY option. Differences between percentages were evaluated using two-sided significance tests at the 0.05 level. About the authorAnjel Vahratian is with the National Center for Health Statistics, Division of Health Interview Statistics.

The author gratefully acknowledges the assistance of Lindsey Black in the preparation of this report. ReferencesFord ES. Habitual sleep duration and predicted 10-year cardiovascular risk using the pooled cohort risk equations among US adults. J Am Heart Assoc 3(6):e001454. 2014.Ford ES, Wheaton AG, Chapman DP, Li C, Perry GS, Croft JB.

Associations between self-reported sleep duration and sleeping disorder with concentrations of fasting and 2-h glucose, insulin, and glycosylated hemoglobin among adults without diagnosed diabetes. J Diabetes 6(4):338–50. 2014.American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology. ACOG Practice Bulletin No. 141.

Management of menopausal symptoms. Obstet Gynecol 123(1):202–16. 2014.Black LI, Nugent CN, Adams PF. Tables of adult health behaviors, sleep. National Health Interview Survey, 2011–2014pdf icon.

2016.Santoro N. Perimenopause. From research to practice. J Women’s Health (Larchmt) 25(4):332–9. 2016.Watson NF, Badr MS, Belenky G, Bliwise DL, Buxton OM, Buysse D, et al.

Recommended amount of sleep for a healthy adult. A joint consensus statement of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine and Sleep Research Society. J Clin Sleep Med 11(6):591–2. 2015.Parsons VL, Moriarity C, Jonas K, et al. Design and estimation for the National Health Interview Survey, 2006–2015.

National Center for Health Statistics. Vital Health Stat 2(165). 2014.RTI International. SUDAAN (Release 11.0.0) [computer software]. 2012.

Suggested citationVahratian A. Sleep duration and quality among women aged 40–59, by menopausal status. NCHS data brief, no 286. Hyattsville, MD. National Center for Health Statistics.

2017.Copyright informationAll material appearing in this report is in the public domain and may be reproduced or copied without permission. Citation as to source, however, is appreciated.National Center for Health StatisticsCharles J. Rothwell, M.S., M.B.A., DirectorJennifer H. Madans, Ph.D., Associate Director for ScienceDivision of Health Interview StatisticsMarcie L. Cynamon, DirectorStephen J.

Blumberg, Ph.D., Associate Director for Science.

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NIH research could lead to new treatment strategies for stomach cancer Glucocorticoids and androgens promote a healthy stomach pit by inhibiting inflammation, left, while their absence promotes inflammation and SPEM seen in a diseased pit, ventolin hfa para que sirve right. SPEM glands are also much larger than healthy stomach glands. (Photo courtesy of Jonathan Busada, Ph.D./NIEHS) Scientists at the National Institutes of Health determined that stomach inflammation is regulated differently in male and female mice after finding that androgens, or male sex hormones, play a critical role in preventing inflammation in the ventolin hfa para que sirve stomach. The finding suggests that physicians could consider treating male patients with stomach inflammation differently than female patients with the same condition. The study was published in Gastroenterology.Researchers at ventolin hfa para que sirve NIH’s National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) made the discovery after removing adrenal glands from mice of both sexes.

Adrenal glands produce glucocorticoids, hormones that have several functions, one of them being suppressing inflammation. With no glucocorticoids, the female ventolin hfa para que sirve mice soon developed stomach inflammation. The males did not. However, after removing androgens from the males, they exhibited the same stomach inflammation seen in the females."The fact that androgens are regulating inflammation is a novel idea," said co-corresponding author ventolin hfa para que sirve John Cidlowski, Ph.D., deputy chief of the NIEHS Laboratory of Signal Transduction and head of the Molecular Endocrinology Group. "Along with glucocorticoids, androgens offer a new way to control immune function in humans."While this study provides insight into how inflammation is being regulated in males, Cidlowski said additional research is underway to understand the process in females.

The scientist handling this phase of research is ventolin hfa para que sirve co-corresponding author Jonathan Busada, Ph.D., assistant professor at West Virginia University School of Medicine in Morgantown. When Busada started the project several years ago, he was a postdoctoral fellow working in Cidlowski’s group.Whether inflammation is inside the stomach or elsewhere in the body, Busada said rates of chronic inflammatory and autoimmune diseases vary depending on sex. He said eight out of 10 individuals with autoimmune disease are women, and his long-term goal is to figure out how glucocorticoids and androgens affect stomach cancer, which is induced by ventolin hfa para que sirve chronic inflammation.The current research focused on stomach glands called pits, which are embedded in the lining of the stomach.Busada said the study showed that glucocorticoids and androgens act like brake pedals on the immune system and are essential for regulating stomach inflammation. In his analogy, glucocorticoids are the primary brakes and androgens are the emergency brakes."Females only have one layer of protection, so if you remove glucocorticoids, they develop stomach inflammation and a pre-cancerous condition in the stomach called spasmolytic polypeptide-expressing metaplasia (SPEM)," Busada said. "Males have redundancy built in, so if something cuts the glucocorticoid brake line, it ventolin hfa para que sirve is okay, because the androgens can pick up the slack."The research also offered a possible mechanism — or biological process — behind this phenomenon.

In healthy stomach glands, the presence of glucocorticoids and androgens inhibit special immune cells called type 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s). But in ventolin hfa para que sirve diseased stomach glands, the hormones are missing. As a result, ILC2s may act like a fire alarm, directing other immune cells called macrophages to promote inflammation and damage gastric glands leading to SPEM and ultimately cancer."ILC2s are the only immune cells that contain androgen receptors and could be a potential therapeutic target," Cidlowski said.This press release describes a basic research finding. Basic research increases our understanding of human behavior and biology, which is ventolin hfa para que sirve foundational to advancing new and better ways to prevent, diagnose, and treat disease. Science is an unpredictable and incremental process — each research advance builds on past discoveries, often in unexpected ways.

Most clinical advances would ventolin hfa para que sirve not be possible without the knowledge of fundamental basic research. To learn more about basic research, visit Basic Research – Digital Media Kit.Grant Numbers:ZIAES090057Fi2GM123974P20GM103434P20GM121322U54GM104942P30GM103488 Reference. Busada JT, ventolin hfa para que sirve Peterson KN, Khadka S, Xu, X, Oakley RH, Cook DN, Cidlowski JA. 2021. Glucocorticoids and androgens protect from gastric metaplasia by suppressing group 2 innate lymphoid cell activation.

Gastroenterology. Doi. 10.1053/j.gastro.2021.04.075 [Online 7 May 2021].CORVALLIS, Ore. €“ A team of Oregon State University scientists has discovered a new class of anti-cancer compounds that effectively kill liver and breast cancer cells. The findings, recently published in the journal Apoptosis, describe the discovery and characterization of compounds, designated as Select Modulators of AhR-regulated Transcription (SMAhRTs).

Edmond Francis O’Donnell III and a team of OSU researchers conducted the research in the laboratory of Siva Kolluri, a professor of cancer research at Oregon State. They also identified the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) as a new molecular target for development of cancer therapeutics. €œOur research identified a therapeutic lead that acts through a new molecular target for treatment of certain cancers,” Kolluri said. O’Donnell added. €œThis is an exciting development which lays a foundation for a new class of anti-cancer therapeutics acting through the AhR.” The researchers employed two molecular screening techniques to discover potential SMAhRTs and identified a molecule – known as CGS-15943 – that activates AhR signaling and kills liver and breast cancer cells.

Specifically, they studied cells from human hepatocellular carcinoma, a common type of liver cancer, and cells from triple negative breast cancer, which account for about 15% of breast cancers with the worst prognosis. €œWe focused on these two types of cancers because they are difficult to treat and have limited treatment options,” said Kolluri, a professor in the Department of Environmental and Molecular Toxicology in the College of Agricultural Sciences. €œWe were encouraged by the results because they are unrelated cancers and targeting the AhR was effective in inducing death of both of these distinct cancers.” The researchers also identified the AhR-mediated pathways that contribute to the anti-cancer actions of CGS-15943. Developing cancer treatments requires a detailed understanding of how they act to induce anti-cancer effects. The researchers determined that CGS-15943 increases the expression of a protein called Fas Ligand through the AhR and causes cancer cell death.

These results provide exciting new leads for drug development, but human therapies based on these results may not be available to patients for 10 years, the researchers said. An editorial commemorating the 25th anniversary issue of the journal Apoptosis highlighted this discovery and the detailed investigation of cancer cell death promoted by CGS-15943. In addition to Kolluri and O’Donnell, who recently completed medical school and is an orthopaedic surgery resident at UC Davis Medical Center, other authors of the paper are. Hyo Sang Jang and Nancy Kerkvliet, both from Oregon State. And Daniel Liefwalker, who formerly worked in Kolluri’s lab and is now at Oregon Health and Science University.

Kolluri is also part of Oregon State’s Linus Pauling Institute and The Pacific Northwest Center for Translational Environmental Health Research. Funding for the research came from the American Cancer Society, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, the U.S. Army Medical Research and Material Command, the Department of Defense Breast Cancer Research Program, Oregon State University and the National Cancer Institute..

NIH research could lead to new treatment strategies for stomach cancer Related Site Glucocorticoids and androgens promote a healthy stomach pit by inhibiting inflammation, left, while their cheap ventolin hfa absence promotes inflammation and SPEM seen in a diseased pit, right. SPEM glands are also much larger than healthy stomach glands. (Photo courtesy of Jonathan Busada, Ph.D./NIEHS) Scientists at the National Institutes of Health determined that stomach inflammation is regulated differently in male and female mice after finding that androgens, or male cheap ventolin hfa sex hormones, play a critical role in preventing inflammation in the stomach. The finding suggests that physicians could consider treating male patients with stomach inflammation differently than female patients with the same condition. The study was published in Gastroenterology.Researchers at NIH’s cheap ventolin hfa National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) made the discovery after removing adrenal glands from mice of both sexes.

Adrenal glands produce glucocorticoids, hormones that have several functions, one of them being suppressing inflammation. With no glucocorticoids, cheap ventolin hfa the female mice soon developed stomach inflammation. The males did not. However, after removing androgens from the males, they exhibited the same stomach inflammation seen in the females."The fact that androgens are regulating inflammation is a novel idea," said co-corresponding author John Cidlowski, Ph.D., deputy cheap ventolin hfa chief of the NIEHS Laboratory of Signal Transduction and head of the Molecular Endocrinology Group. "Along with glucocorticoids, androgens offer a new way to control immune function in humans."While this study provides insight into how inflammation is being regulated in males, Cidlowski said additional research is underway to understand the process in females.

The scientist handling this phase of research is co-corresponding author Jonathan Busada, Ph.D., assistant professor at West Virginia University School cheap ventolin hfa of Medicine in Morgantown. When Busada started the project several years ago, he was a postdoctoral fellow working in Cidlowski’s group.Whether inflammation is inside the stomach or elsewhere in the body, Busada said rates of chronic inflammatory and autoimmune diseases vary depending on sex. He said eight out of 10 individuals with autoimmune disease are women, and his long-term goal is to figure out how glucocorticoids and androgens affect stomach cancer, which is induced by chronic inflammation.The current research focused on stomach glands called pits, which are embedded in cheap ventolin hfa the lining of the stomach.Busada said the study showed that glucocorticoids and androgens act like brake pedals on the immune system and are essential for regulating stomach inflammation. In his analogy, glucocorticoids are the primary brakes and androgens are the emergency brakes."Females only have one layer of protection, so if you remove glucocorticoids, they develop stomach inflammation and a pre-cancerous condition in the stomach called spasmolytic polypeptide-expressing metaplasia (SPEM)," Busada said. "Males have redundancy built in, so if something cuts the glucocorticoid brake line, it is okay, because the androgens can pick up the slack."The research also offered a possible mechanism — cheap ventolin hfa or biological process — behind this phenomenon.

In healthy stomach glands, the presence of glucocorticoids and androgens inhibit special immune cells called type 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s). But in diseased stomach cheap ventolin hfa glands, the hormones are missing. As a result, ILC2s may act like a fire alarm, directing other immune cells called macrophages to promote inflammation and damage gastric glands leading to SPEM and ultimately cancer."ILC2s are the only immune cells that contain androgen receptors and could be a potential therapeutic target," Cidlowski said.This press release describes a basic research finding. Basic research increases our understanding of human behavior cheap ventolin hfa and biology, which is foundational to advancing new and better ways to prevent, diagnose, and treat disease. Science is an unpredictable and incremental process — each research advance builds on past discoveries, often in unexpected ways.

Most clinical advances would not be cheap ventolin hfa possible without the knowledge of fundamental basic research. To learn more about basic research, visit Basic Research – Digital Media Kit.Grant Numbers:ZIAES090057Fi2GM123974P20GM103434P20GM121322U54GM104942P30GM103488 Reference. Busada JT, Peterson KN, Khadka S, Xu, X, Oakley RH, Cook DN, cheap ventolin hfa Cidlowski JA. 2021. Glucocorticoids and androgens protect from gastric metaplasia by suppressing group 2 innate lymphoid cell activation.

Gastroenterology. Doi. 10.1053/j.gastro.2021.04.075 [Online 7 May 2021].CORVALLIS, Ore. €“ A team of Oregon State University scientists has discovered a new class of anti-cancer compounds that effectively kill liver and breast cancer cells. The findings, recently published in the journal Apoptosis, describe the discovery and characterization of compounds, designated as Select Modulators of AhR-regulated Transcription (SMAhRTs).

Edmond Francis O’Donnell III and a team of OSU researchers conducted the research in the laboratory of Siva Kolluri, a professor of cancer research at Oregon State. They also identified the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) as a new molecular target for development of cancer therapeutics. €œOur research identified a therapeutic lead that acts through a new molecular target for treatment of certain cancers,” Kolluri said. O’Donnell added. €œThis is an exciting development which lays a foundation for a new class of anti-cancer therapeutics acting through the AhR.” The researchers employed two molecular screening techniques to discover potential SMAhRTs and identified a molecule – known as CGS-15943 – that activates AhR signaling and kills liver and breast cancer cells.

Specifically, they studied cells from human hepatocellular carcinoma, a common type of liver cancer, and cells from triple negative breast cancer, which account for about 15% of breast cancers with the worst prognosis. €œWe focused on these two types of cancers because they are difficult to treat and have limited treatment options,” said Kolluri, a professor in the Department of Environmental and Molecular Toxicology in the College of Agricultural Sciences. €œWe were encouraged by the results because they are unrelated cancers and targeting the AhR was effective in inducing death of both of these distinct cancers.” The researchers also identified the AhR-mediated pathways that contribute to the anti-cancer actions of CGS-15943. Developing cancer treatments requires a detailed understanding of how they act to induce anti-cancer effects. The researchers determined that CGS-15943 increases the expression of a protein called Fas Ligand through the AhR and causes cancer cell death.

These results provide exciting new leads for drug development, but human therapies based on these results may not be available to patients for 10 years, the researchers said. An editorial commemorating the 25th anniversary issue of the journal Apoptosis highlighted this discovery and the detailed investigation of cancer cell death promoted by CGS-15943. In addition to Kolluri and O’Donnell, who recently completed medical school and is an orthopaedic surgery resident at UC Davis Medical Center, other authors of the paper are. Hyo Sang Jang and Nancy Kerkvliet, both from Oregon State. And Daniel Liefwalker, who formerly worked in Kolluri’s lab and is now at Oregon Health and Science University.

Kolluri is also part of Oregon State’s Linus Pauling Institute and The Pacific Northwest Center for Translational Environmental Health Research. Funding for the research came from the American Cancer Society, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, the U.S. Army Medical Research and Material Command, the Department of Defense Breast Cancer Research Program, Oregon State University and the National Cancer Institute..

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A few weeks ago my fiance Caleb and I ordered a custom table for our new, rustic home that sits in the woods. I came across Ben Shea through some mutual friends and immediately fell in love with his work! After I saw the finished product of our table, I was definitely NOT disappointed. Ben is an awesome guy, so easy to work with and he totally made our vision become a reality! It’s exactly what I wanted. Raw, rustic, knots and grain. I’m.. obsessed. Ben is constantly creating lots of amazing wood pieces for homes, offices and gifts! Check out his Facebook fan-page HERE, his Etsy shop HERE, and his website HERE.

Meagan Nicole

 


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This Sunday my mom and sister threw me a surprise bridal shower! I knew I was having the bridal shower, but I had absolutely nothing to do with the planning so I had no clue what to expect or who would be coming (although seeing random pieces of thrifted china and table clothes hidden around the house was getting me very excited!). It was more beautiful than I could’ve imaged and exactly what I hoped for. So many lovely faces came that I wasn’t expecting which made it all the sweeter. The theme was an outdoor garden party! My mom made her famous chicken salad recipe, a blueberry-raspberry-strawberry fruit medley, and greens with an olive oil lemon dressing (the one they use at Tomato Pie) YUM! The vintage dresser held two baskets- everyone brought their favorite kitchen spice or  cleaning item (which went in the awesome, wooden hamper my nana gifted us to the right of the dresser)! I loved the date night jar. Everyone wrote down date ideas on popcycle sticks for Caleb and I. We’ve been enjoying reading everyones recommendations.. especially the hilarious X-rated ones. haha!

If you’re wondering why my face looks so crazy in the opening-gifts photos it’s because we were playing the bubble gum game! Previously my sister had asked Caleb a bunch of random questions that he gave his answers to. While opening gifts, I was asked these questions as well and had to try and answer the same as Caleb did. For every question I got wrong I gad to put a piece of gum in my mouth. I actually did pretty good but still wound up with a few wads of gum, whoops. I never thought I could get tired of bubble gum until Sunday. HA! This was such a fun and exciting day! Huge thank you’s to my mom and sister for pulling it all together and getting so creative.. I know how much work and thought you put into everything to make it perfect for me and it means so much! To each and every lady that came to the party- you all made me feel so loved and blessed! Thank you for celebrating this time in my life; Caleb and I are beyond thankful for all of the amazing gifts and well wishes you showered us with. 🙂

*Beautiful cake by Wendy Hess at Oregon Dairy Bakery!

**All photographs taken by my amazing friend Rebekah of Rebekah Viola Photography! Thank you so much for capturing these memories for me.

Meagan Nicole


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